Innovative Sanitation Solutions and Reuse in Arid Regions

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  • 2017 - 2021

  • Client

    Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)


    Azraq community

    Key Partner

    Water Authority of Jordan

    Inadequate sanitation systems in Jordan affect both host and refugee communities and pollute the country’s scarce water resources. At the same time, they are reusing treated wastewater could relieve pressure on water sources and make much-needed nutrients and irrigation water available for agricultural production and local economies.

    The “Sanitation Solutions for Underserved Communities in Jordan” project (ISSRAR) seeks to reduce existing environmental risks related to unsafe sanitation practices, creating better living conditions from ecological, public health, and economic perspectives, thus improving the resilience of local populations. Furthermore, by realising a showcase sustainable sanitation system in Azraq, the project aims at establishing replicable examples for other parts of Jordan.

    The ISSRAR Consortium implements the ISSRAR project, made up of BORDA and seecon. In managing a highly political project, some of our main tasks included:


    Explore and discover

    • We are conducting participatory assessments of key governance elements and developing a suitable operator model for a wastewater treatment plant.


    Co-create and design

    • Managing a participatory inception phase to design a context-specific and sustainable approach for the project implementation.

    • We are analysing wastewater and faecal sludge reuse options.

    • We are assessing market demand for sanitation end products.

    • We are implementing pilot-scale projects.

    • Developing business models to yield sustainable reuse options.



    • In projects like ISSRAR, challenges are the norm; one of our main contributions was to lead the project team and key stakeholders through crises. Our competent and rigorous crisis management saw us taking over the interim management of the ISSRAR project for a year to ensure continued progress towards the project goal and objectives.

    • Thinking outside the box is our strength! To generate buy-in and raise awareness for the benefits of the ISSRAR project, we cooperated with a local start-up to develop a VR experience for the wastewater management solution in Azraq.


    Reach and connect

    • Drawing upon real-life experience, we derived a Sanitation Project Implementation toolkit from providing the practitioner with critical considerations, insights into what matters and learnings to support the planning and successful realisation of sanitation or wastewater management projects. 

    Links to publications

    Let’s work together!

    From the ISSRAR project, we derived scenario-based learning concepts from conveying required skills and process understanding for successful sanitation projects. Were we interested to learn from our experience? Please send us a short message!

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